Students of all ages may be surprised to discover that homework is a relatively recent phenomenon. In rural America of the late 19th-century, homework was discouraged because it kept youngsters from their chores. In fact, in 1901 the U.S. Congress passed an act that abolished homework for students from kindergarten through eighth grade.
It was not until the 1950s that homework enjoyed a resurgence due to Cold War fears that Russian students were outperforming their American counterparts. By the time the Cold War ended in the 1990s, homework was an entrenched institution. In fact, a 2007 University of Michigan study found that it had increased over time. According to the study, sample of students between the ages of six and nine were spending two hours a week on homework, as opposed to 44 minutes in 1981. (Wikipedia -- History of Homework in the United States)
The Fairfax County Public Library offers an array of homework resources for students from kindergarten through college. See the Homework and Student Support page on the library’s Web site to learn about Live Homework Help, Web sites on school subjects and more.